Awf and tlct
The African Wildlife Foundation (AWF) & The Tanzania Land Conservation Trust (TLCT)
The Tanzania Land Conservation Trust and Manyara Ranch
Protected areas like national parks are important areas for wildlife, but if the land surrounding them is not properly conserved, they risk becoming isolated and unviable for wildlife. Lake Manyara National Park and Tarangire National Park are 40 kilometers apart. About ten years ago, the migration route that connects them-known as the Kwakuchinja corridor-began to disappear. Habitat fragmentation and degradation such as this have become the greatest threats to conservation in northern Tanzania.
To address these threats, AWF helped establish the Tanzania Land Conservation Trust (TLCT). The TLCT is a non-profit institution whose main goal is to acquire critical wildlife areas threatened by private development. The TLCT manages these lands to protect the needs of pastoral communities as well as to preserve the integrity of these areas for wildlife conservation.
TLCT''s First Acquisition
In April 2001, Manyara Ranch became the first property acquired by the TLCT. Previously owned by the Tanzanian government, Manyara Ranch occupies a critical central location in the Kwakuchinja wildlife corridor between Tarangire and Lake Manyara National Parks and comprises a total area of 17,800 hectares (44,000 acres). Long-term conservation goals for the two national parks require linking these core protected areas with corridors of undeveloped land across which wildlife can move, and the acquisition of Manyara Ranch serves as an initial major step in this direction.
Innovation Benefits Communities and Wildlife
In addition to its importance as a corridor, Manyara Ranch offers exciting conservation outreach potential for showcasing how communities can benefit from wildlife conservation outside of protected areas. Set in a landscape experiencing rapid habitat degradation, the ranch serves as a laboratory to study the factors driving habitat degradation and human-wildlife conflicts. This research informs innovative and adaptive management approaches aimed at curtailing habitat degradation, conflict mitigation and habitat restoration. Approaches include diverse conservation financing mechanisms, combining both community and private initiatives. The process of identifying, planning, and managing income-generating activities is guided by the goal of developing a sustainable mechanism for both conservation and benefit sharing with local communities.
Success Across the Board
Today, Manyara Ranch successfully manages cattle in conservation-friendly ways. Rangers patrol the ranch, monitoring wildlife and warding off poachers. And with the help of the Annenberg Foundation and others, a pre-existing boarding school for Maasai children was moved out of the wildlife''s way - relocated to an ultramodern facility completed at the end of 2006. But most important, a huge portion of the Kwakuchinja corridor is secured for the future.
From AWF''s website: http://awf.org/content/solution/detail/3505